14 Highest Mountain In The World That Are Above 8000 Meters

2021-07-21 | Published By: Bold Himalaya

The Himalayas cover about 0.4 percent of the Earth's surface. The Himalayas in Asia has many high mountains that all have a huge role in nature. Nature is powerful and mysterious, and one of those places where you feel like you're just this tiny dot in the immense natural panorama. Mountains are one of the most fascinating natural wonders of the world. here we are going to brief about the 14 highest mountains that are above 8000m high in the world.


Mount Everest

The mother of all mountains, Everest rises to more than 8,848 m, jutting out of the Himalayas on the Nepal-Tibet border. Mt. Everest's new height is 8,848.86m/29,031.69ft. as per the joint announcement by Survey Department Nepal and Chinese authorities (2020). The summit of Everest is the highest point above sea level, so, it is known as the "highest mountain in the world'. Everest is accepted to be more than 60 million years old. Situated on the border of Nepal and Tibet, Everest is in the Mahalangur section of the Great Himalayas.  The Great Himalaya with Everest was formed by the upward for generated when the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates collided, pushing up the rocks.


Everest has become one of the most endeavored out goals for travelers after its declaration as to the most elevated mountain during the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India in 1856. The south side of Mt. Everest lies in Nepal while the north side lies in Tibet. The mountain is named after British surveyor Sir George Everest. Moreover, Mt. Everest is also known as Sagarmatha in Nepalese. The Sanskrit name Sagarmatha means 'Peak of Heaven' or 'Goddess of Sky.' And, the Tibetan name for Everest is Qomolangma/ Chomolungma meaning Holy Mother.  

 

In 1953, New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary and Nepali Sherpa Tenzing Norgay were credited as the first to summit Mt. Everest. Before their ascent, several mountaineers attempted to summit Mount Everest, including George Mallory who discovered the north route to the summit in 1921, and George Finch, who reached an altitude of over 8230m/27,000 ft using oxygen for the first time in 1922.


Being on the border of two countries, there are two main climbing routes to Mt. Everest. One is from the southeast ridge from Nepal, and another one is a north ridge from Tibet. Southeast ridge expedition from Nepal is the most popular and most scenic. Mt. Everest was first conquered from the South ridge.


Mount Everest Expedition takes around 65 days to complete. Mount Everest expedition is not as easy as trekking the Everest base camp. Getting to the top of the highest mountain in the world is way more challenging and tougher than you think. The weather, temperature, including climbing requirements at Everest, is demanding. You ought to have a long acclimatization schedule before you could reach the summit successfully and get back down.

April to May and mid-June to August is the best time for climbing Mt. Everest. Throughout these months, the days will be sunny and warm in the Himalayas. Besides that, the skies will be clear and the Himalayas atmosphere will be alluring during these seasons. So, the expedition during this season offers great views of the mountains.


K2

The second highest mountain in the world, K2 is located on the China-Pakistan Border. It is between Baltistan in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of northern Pakistan, and Dafdar Township in Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. K2 is at 8,611m/28,251ft above sea level. The second highest mountain in the world K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram mountain range. The Karakoram is a mountain range traversing the borders of China, India, and Pakistan, with the northwest edge of the range stretching to Afghanistan and Tajikistan.  K2 is the heart of the Karakoram mountain range. Besides that, K2 is the point in both Pakistan and Xinjiang.


One of Earth’s most remarkable mountains, K2 has been known as the Savage Mountain ever since George Bell describe it as a savage mountain that tries to kill you in 1953. And the name K2 is received from the symbol used by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of British India.  Thomas Montgomerie made the first survey of the Karakoram from Mt. Haramukh, about 210 km (130 mi) to the south, and sketched the two most notable peaks, marking the K1 and K2. The 'K' in K1 and K2 stands for the Karakoram. The name Chogori is derived from the two Balti words, chhogo and RI which means big and mountain. Besides that, there are several names like Qogir, Lamba Pahar, and Dapsang of K2 which are not widely used. Also, it is rendered as Kechu or Ketu in the Balti language.


The glacier and the snow-capped mountain extend from its base at around 4,570m/15,000ft on the Godwin Austen Glacier, a tributary of the Baltoro Glacier. It is a consistently steep pyramid, falling quickly in approximately all directions. Moreover, the north side of the mountain is the steepest. There it rises above 3,200 m/10,500 ft up the K2 (Qogir) Glacier in just 3,000m/9,800ft of horizontal length. Also, it achieves over 2,800 m/9,200 ft of vertical relief in less than 4,000m/13,000 ft. in most directions. Besides that, the peak of K2 and Broad Peak including space westward to the lower limits of Sarpo Laggo glacier consists of metamorphic rocks called K2 Gneiss and part of the Karakoram Metamorphic Complex.


Additionally, K2 is considered the deadliest mountain. There is the saying that for every four who reach the summit, approximately one person dies on the mountain. Besides that, K2 is the only eight-thousand-meter peak that has never been escaladed during winter or from its eastern face. The warmest times of the year- July and August are the best time for the K2 expedition. So, the K2 ascent has almost always been made in July and August. Due to its more inclement weather, K2 is more difficult and dangerous to climb the summit of Everest.


In 1902, the first serious attempt to ascend K2 was initiated by Oscar Eckenstein, Jules Jacot-Guillarmod, Aleister Crowley, Heinrich Pfannl, Victor Wessely, and Guy Knowles through the Northeast Ridge. But, it was not a successful attempt. Besides that, there were several other unsuccessful attempts to climb K2. Finally, the Italian Karakoram expedition resulted in ascending to the summit of K2 through the Abruzzi Spur on 31 July 1954. Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni were the two climbers who reached the summit. And the expedition was headed by Ardito Desio.

There are several routes on K2, of a somewhat different character, but they all share some key difficulties. But, all main climbing routes lie on the Pakistani side. And it is where the base camp is also located. The extremely high elevation results in a lack of oxygen make K2 climbing difficult. Extreme storms of several days and the steep, exposed, and committing nature of all routes on the mountain also adds difficulties.    


Kangchenjunga

Kangchenjunga is a gorgeous and heavenly mountain range. It is the dream summit for climbers all around the world. Kangchenjunga lives in the eastern Himalayas on the border between Sikkim state and eastern Nepal. Towering with an altitude of 8,586m/ 28,169 ft in a division of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal delimited, it is the third highest mountain in the world. Also, it is in the west of Kangchenjunga Himal delimited near the Tamur River, in the north by the Lhonak Chu and Jongsang La, and in the east near the Teesta River. The Kangchenjunga mountain range is in the form of an immense cross, plus the arms of it extend north, south, east, and west.


Additionally, it is the mountain range of five mountains- Kangchenjunga Main (8,586m/28,169ft), Kangchenjunga West (8,505m/27,904ft), Kangchenjunga Central (8,482m/27,828ft), Kangchenjunga South (8,494m/27,867ft), and Kangbachen (7,903m/25,928ft).  And, three of the five peaks- Main, Central, and south are directly located on the border of Nepal and Sikkim. Whereas, remaining two- West and Kangbachen are totally in Nepal. 


Moreover, Kangchenjunga is spelled as Kanchenjunga. The name of Kanchenjunga is received from four words of Tibetan origin: Kang-chen-dzo-nga or Yang-chhen-dzö-nga. It is interpreted in Sikkim as the “Five Treasuries of the Great Snow.” Moreover, three of the five peaks -Main, Central, and South right on the border, and the remaining two- West and Kangbachen is in Nepal's Taplejung District. Similarly, its name in the Limbu Language is Senjelungma or Aeseylungma. Kangchenjunga, the official spelling was approved by Douglas Freshfield, Alexander Mitchell Kellas, and the Royal Geographical Society. 

Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world until 1852. But in 1849 calculations based on multiple readings and measurements presented by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India came to the conclusion that Mt. Everest (known as Peak XV at the time), was the highest.

Talking about the weather of Kangchenjunga, there is no consistent weather even in the same season. Yet, the temperature of Kangchenjunga can go below -25 degrees Celsius in the upper altitudes. Plus, the temperature on the mountain stays below minus degrees throughout the entire winter.

Joe Brown and George Band made the first ascent on 25 May 1955. But, the Kangchenjunga expedition was a Himalayan mountaineering expedition aimed to climb Kangchenjunga in 1905 but would only be climbed in 1955. This successful ascent proved that Aleister Crowley’s 1905 route was viable. Also in 1925, a British geological expedition spotted a bipedal creature in the mountain. And when they asked the locals about it, they referred to it as the "Kangchenjunga Demon". 


Lhotse

The fourth highest mountain in the world, Lhotse stands with an 8,516 m/27,940 ft elevation. Lhotse is a mountain range in the Himalayas. The main summit at 8,516 m/27,940ft above sea level includes the smaller peaks Lhotse Middle (East) at 8,414 m/27,605 ft and Lhotse Shar at 8,383 m/27,503 ft. Lhotse lies on the border of Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Also, it is joined by a range at an elevation of about 7,600m/25,000 ft, Lhotse lies just south of Mt Everest. So, Lhotse is best known for its closeness to the highest mountain in the world, Mt. Everest. 


Lhotse means ‘South Peak’ in Tibetan. Also, given by the Survey of India in 1931, the original symbol of Lhotse was E1, denoting Everest 1. Besides that, it is one of the most misguessed peaks in the Himalayas as it looks majestic like Mt. Everest. So, many trekkers ask if it is Everest. Also, the mountain is famous for its tremendous and dramatic south face. The south face of Lhotse increases 3.2km within 2.25km horizontal length making it the steepest face of this size in the world. Lhotse expedition from the south face is extremely difficult to climb and rarely attempted. Again, the South Face of Lhotse is one of the largest mountain fronts in the world. 


Moreover, including two Austrians (cartographer Erwin Schneider and Ernst Senn) and two Swiss (Bruno Spirig and Arthur Spöhel), the first attempt on Lhotse was in 1955. It was an International Himalayan Expedition headed by Norman Dyhrenfurth.  Besides that, it was the first expedition on the Everest region to include Americans. But, it was an unsuccessful attempt. Finally, on May 18, 1956, the main summit of Lhotse was first climbed by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger. It was the Swiss Mount Everest/Lhotse Expedition. But, the highest unclimbed named point on Earth for a long remained Lhotse Middle. The first ascent of Lhotse Middle was on May 23, 2001. A Russian Expedition team of Eugeny Vinogradsky, Sergei Timofeev, Alexei Bolotov, and Petr Kuznetsov made the first ascent. Besides that, the first solo ascent without the use of supplement oxygen of the main summit by Hristo Prodanov was on 1981 April 30. It was a part of the first Bulgarian Himalayan expedition.


The Lhotse standard climbing route chases the same trail as Everest's South Col route up to the Yellow Band past Camp 3. The route separates with climbers tied for Everest taking a left over the Geneva Spur up to the South Col, after the Yellow Band, while Lhotse climbers catch a right besides up the Lhotse face. The last section to the top leads by the narrow "Reiss couloirs" until the Lhotse main peak is reached.

Lhotse The expedition is an excellent alternative to the Everest Expedition. The whole expedition completes in 56 days. And it takes around 4 days to reach the foot of Mount Everest and the Everest Base Camp trek is highly popular. It offers charming panoramas of the surrounding mountain ranges and forests. It is much more affordable as the permit fees are much lower while offering a similar climb. Moreover, climbing Lhotse can be done as an add-on while an Everest expedition as well. The two peaks are connected by the South Col of Everest to the Lhotse. An unforgettable adventure to the summit of the fourth highest mountain is what climbers all around the world dream about. Climber’s needs to have the excellent physical condition are an absolute during the expedition. With the severe weather conditions and altitude above 8,500m, the climbing stretches are a challenge.  


Makalu

The fifth highest mountain in the world, Makalu standing with an elevation of 8,485m/ 27,838 ft is in the Mahalangur Himalayas. It is one of the most imperious and impressive mountains. It is situated 19 km (12mi) southeast of Everest (8,848.86m) on the border separating Nepal and Tibet Autonomous Region, China. Makalu is protected under Makalu Barun National Park, and the area covered by Makalu Barun National Park is 2,330 km2. Makalu has two subsidiary peaks. Kangchungtse or Makalu II (7,678 m) stretches around 3 km (1.9 mi) north-northwest of the main summit. Likewise, Chomo Lonzo (7,804 m) is rising around 5 km (3.1 mi) north-northeast of the main summit (Makalu) over a broad plateau and attached to Kangchungtse by a narrow, 7,200 m saddle.


Makalu has a perfect pyramid structure with four ridges making the mountain more alluring. The name of the Makalu was taken from the Sanskrit word Maha-Kala. It means Big Black and is a by-name of Shiva. Shiva is one of the most important gods of Hinduism. Besides that, Makalu has another name in the local dialect- Kumba Karna meaning The Giant.  Makalu is an isolated peak. Only the mountain, the whole region of Makalu is isolated. The Makalu region is one of the most remote and unfrequented trekking areas of Nepal. It is also known as off beaten trail because of its geographical remoteness.


Makalu Expedition takes around 50 to 55 days to complete. Before the ascending periods, climbers trek for a few days. The trekking trail passes through terraced farmlands and dense forests filled with Rhododendron trees. In the Makalu region, the Arun and Barun valley is famously known as the home of 650 species of birds and more than 800 species of butterflies. Besides that, natural vegetation is another major attraction of the Makalu Region. Moreover, from the top of the fifth highest mountain in the world, you will have the most enchanting views of the highest mountains and peaks.


Makalu is one of the hardest eight-thousanders. It is considered one of the most difficult mountains in the world to ascend. This mountain is known for its steep pitches and knife-edged ridges. Besides that, the final ascent of the top pyramid includes a technical rock or ice climbing. So, the prior experience of peak climbing and good physical and mental condition is a must for Makalu Expedition. Additionally, Mount Makalu has adverse climatic conditions. It also results in hazardous mountain sickness. The weather and climate also increase difficulties in the Makalu Expedition.


Moreover, the first ascent on Makalu was made by an American team in 1954. Also, the California Himalayan Expedition to Makalu was led by Riley Keegan. It is composed of Sierra Club members including Allen Steck. But the expedition team from the southeast ridge turned back at 7,100m/23,300ft due to the constant barrage of storms. Besides that, there were other unsuccessful attempts for Makalu ascent. Finally, on May 15, 1955, Makalu was first summited by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy. It was a French expedition led by Jean Franco. Then, Franco, Guido Magnone, and Gyalzen Norbu Sherpa summited the next day. And they were followed by Jean Bouvier, Serge Coupé, Pierre Leroux, and André Vialatte on the 17th. To have that large majority of expedition member’s summit was an amazing success at that time. Especially, it was such a difficult peak to climb. Besides that, two unsuccessful attempts of ascent without oxygen were made by the 1960-61 Silver Hut expedition. Besides that, in May 1971, the very technical West Pillar route was climbed by Frenchmen B. Mellet and Y. Seigneur.    


Cho Oyu

Cho Oyu located on the border of Tibet and Nepal, with an elevation of 8,188 m (26,864 ft), Cho Oyu is the sixth highest mountain in the world. Cho Oyu is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya. It is about 20 km west of Mt. Everest. Moreover, Nangpa La (5,716m/18,753 ft) is just a few kilometers west of Cho Oyu. It is a glaciated pass that acts as the central trading route connecting the Tibetans and the Khumbu's Sherpas. Also, the pass separates the Khumbu and Rolwaling Himalayas.


Moreover, in Tibetan, Cho Oyu means 'Turquoise Goddess.' Cho Oyu was considered the seventh highest mountain on earth at the time of the first ascent. Cho Oyu elevation was originally measured as 8,150 m/26,750 feet and Dhaulagiri at 8,167 m/26,795 ft.

Likewise, Manaslu, now 8,156 m/ 26,759 ft, was also estimated lower at 8,125 m/26,658 ft. Then, a 1984 estimate of 8,201 m/ 26,906 ft made Cho Oyu move up to the sixth place.  And, in 1996 the new measurements presented by the Government of Nepal Survey Department and the Finnish Meteorological Institute in an arrangement for the Nepal Topographic Maps put the height at 8,188 m. It was remarkably similar to the 8,189 m/26, 867 ft used by Edmund Hillary in his 1955 book High Adventure.


There are mainly two climbing routes of Cho Oyu. One route is from the south (Nepal side) and another from the north, which is the west ridge.  The west ridge route is referred to as the normal route. Cho Oyu climbing is semi-technical with little ice cliffs a rock band and some crevasses. Moreover, the route above the advanced base camp consists mainly of low-angled snow slopes up to 35° with one short but very steep section to bypass a Sérac barrier at 6,475m. And most of the climbers do two or three camps on the mountain before arriving at the summit.  So, Camp 1 is located at 6,400m, Camp 2 about 7,100, plus the highest camp at 7,450m. And it takes around 40-45 days to complete the Cho Oyu expedition.

Additionally, due to its closeness to Nangpa La pass and the generally moderate slopes of the regular northwest ridge route, Cho Oyu is considered the easiest 8,000 m peak to climb. Cho Oyu was also the fifth 8000m peak to be climbed.  Besides that, it is the second most climbed eight-thousander after Everest. It also has over four times the ascents of the third most popular eight-thousanders-Gasherbrum II. The first attempt at Cho Oyu was an expedition arranged and financed by the Joint Himalayan Committee of Great Britain. It was preparation for an attempt on Mt. Everest the following year.  Eric Shipton led the expedition which included Edmund Hillary, Tom Bourdillon, and George Lowe. But, due to technical problems and avalanche danger at an ice cliff over 6,650 m/21,820 ft, a foray by Hillary and Lowe stopped. Then, the mountain was first climbed two years later on October 19, 1954. It was an expedition via the northwest ridge. Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler, and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama of an Austrian expedition were the first to climb Cho Oyu. And, this was the highest peak climbed without supplemental oxygen until 1978. It was the ascent of Mt Everest by Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler in 1978.


Cho Oyu is marketed as a trekking peak. It is achievable for climbers with high fitness and low mountaineering experience. The summit of the mountain has a broadly flat plateau with on cairn. So, it also causes confusion and debate amongst climbers, as if it is the top of the Cho Oyu or not. Also, the traditional prayer flags on the Cho Oyu's summit plateau do not mark the 'technical' summit. Moreover, it has the lowest death-summit ratio. Its death-summit ratio is about 1/25th of Annapurna's. The summit of the Cho Oyu granted the most remarkable view of Mt. Everest and the surrounding Himalayas.


Dhaulagiri I

The seventh highest mountain in the world, Dhaulagiri I at 8167m/ft is one of the most artistically stunning mountains of a lot. Dhaulagiri I is the highest mountain within the borders of a single country-Nepal. The Dhaulagiri range in Nepal stretches 120 km (70 mi) from the Kaligandaki River west to the Bheri. Also, the massif is bordered on the north and southwest by tributaries. The north is by the Bheri River and the southeast by the Myagdi Khola


Dhaulagiri is the Nepali name for the mountain. Dhaulagiri's name comes from Sanskrit where dhawala means dazzling, white, beautiful and Giri means mountain. In 1808, survey computations revealed it to be the highest mountain till surveyed. But, it lasted until 1838 when Kangchenjunga took first place. And Mount Everest followed it in 1853, till now Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Besides that, Dhaulagiri 1 is also the highest point of the Gandaki river basin. And Annapurna I (the tenth highest mountain in the world) with 8,091m/26,545 ft elevation is 34 km east of Dhaulagiri. Moreover, the Kali Gandaki River flows between the two in the world's deepest gorge, the Kali Gandaki Gorge. Dhaulagiri I's sudden rise of lower terrain is virtually unequaled.  And the south and west fronts grow precipitously above 4,000 m (13,120 ft). And the south face of Gurja Himal in the same massif is also prominently large.


The first successful ascent of Dhaulagiri was on 13 May 1960. Kurt Diemberger, Peter Diener, Ernst Forrer, Albin Schelbert, Nyima Dorje Sherpa, Nawang Dorje Sherpa were the first ascenders of the Dhaulagiri summit. It was a Swiss-Austrian expedition led by Max Eiselin. This ascent established the still-standing record for the highest fixed-wing landing. As it was the first Himalayan climb supported by the first prototype fixed-wing aircraft. But, it crashed in Hidden Valley north of the mountain while takeoff and was abandoned. Then, the second successful ascent of Dhaulagiri was in 1970 via the northeast ridge. It was a Japanese expedition led by Tokufu Ohta and Shoji Imanari. And, Tetsuji Kawada and Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa touch the summit. Besides that, Seiko Tanaka of Japan leads a successful climb to the very difficult southeast ridge in autumn, 1978.


Moreover, most ascents have followed the northeast ridge route of the first ascent. But, climbers also go for most directions for Dhaulagiri climbing. Besides that, there had been 358 successful ascents and 58 fatalities as of 2007. It makes fatalities rate of 16.2% to the summit of Dhaulagiri. And 2.88% of 2,016 expedition members and staff going above base camp on Dhaulagiri I died between 1950 and 2006.    

Additionally, April to May and mid-June to August is the perfect time for Dhaulagiri I climbing. During this time of the year, days get warmer with less threat of snow. Also, Dhaulagiri I is not an easy climb as no 8,000 m mountain is easy. So, climbers also need a prior peak or mountain climbing experience for every above 8000m mountain expedition. Besides that, the weather and temperature of the mountain are very unpredictable. An increase in the altitude in the mountain may create some problems. So, you have to be mentally and physically well prepared. Plus, the Dhaulagiri I expedition lasts almost 7 weeks and includes a weeklong trek to the base camp. Dhaulagiri Base Camp is at 4,750 m elevation.


Manaslu

Towering at 8,163m/26,781ft above sea level, Manaslu is the eighth-highest mountain in the world.  Manaslu is in the Mansiri Himal, it is a part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal. Manaslu is the highest peak in Nepal, Gorkha District. Besides that, Manaslu is around 64 km (40 mi) east of Annapurna. The mountain's large ridges and valley glaciers offer reasonable access from all directions and complete in a peak that towers steeply up its surrounding landscape and is a dominant characteristic when viewed from afar.

The name of Manaslu is derived from the Sanskrit name Manasa meaning intellect or soul. So, the name of the mountain Manaslu means 'mountain of the spirit'. Manaslu is also known as Kutang. In the Tibetan language, Manaslu is known as Kutan I, under which tang indicates the Tibetan word for a flat place. Moreover, it is said that "just as the British regard Everest their mountain, Manaslu has forever been a Japanese mountain".


Talking about the weather and climate of Manaslu, the permanent snow line is estimated over 5,000 m elevation. The temperature in the area also varies widely with the climatic zone. Besides that, the arctic zone is distinct and falls within the permanent snow line so, the temperature lies much below freezing and the temperature lies much below freezing. Further, the important peaks surrounding Manaslu include Ngadi Chuli, Himalchuli, and Baudha. Plus, on the north of Manaslu lies a glacial saddle known as Larkya La with an elevation of 5,106 m/16,752 ft.

The expedition routes of Manaslu, there are at least there are six different routes to climb Manaslu. But, the south face route to the Manaslu is the toughest in climbing history. H. W Tilman was the first European to lead an expedition to the Annapurna Range with a small party of five citizens. On the way, they saw Manaslu and its plateau and concluded that there was a direct route to the summit. But, the team did not attempt the ascent. There were four Japanese expeditions between 1950 and 1955 after the reconnaissance visit by Tilman. They explored the possibility of climbing Manaslu by the north and east faces. Then in 1953, a team of 15 climbers led by Y. Mita attempted to climb Manaslu via the east side after setting up base camp at Samagaon. But, the team failed to reach the summit.


Finally, on 9 May 1956, Toshio Imanishi (Japan) and Gyaltsen Norbu (Sherpa) made the first ascent of Manaslu. It was the Japanese expedition led by Maki Yuko, also recognized as Aritsune Maki. Likewise, the second ascent to the summit of Manaslu was on 17 May 1971. Part of an 11 man Japanese team, Kazuharu Kohara and Motoki reached the summit via the northwest spur. And the southwest face was climbed by Reinhold Messner for the first time as part of an Austrian expedition. Besides that, the first Japanese women expedition led by Kyoko Sato was successful on 4 May 1941. After that, there are several successful ascents of Manaslu.


Manaslu is one of the riskiest eight-thousanders to climb. April to May and mid-June to August is the perfect time for Manaslu climbing. During this time of the year, days get warmer with less threat of snow. Besides that, the spring or pre-monsoon season is the least dangerous for snowfall, bad weather, and avalanches. Also, making it the 4th most dangerous 8000m peak, behind Annapurna, Nanga Parbat, and K2, in May 2008, there have been 297 ascents of Manaslu and 53 death of the mountain. Climbers need to have previous climbing experience for not only Manaslu Expedition but all above 8000m mountains.


Apart from climbing, Manaslu Himal is also popularly known among the trekkers. It provides views of the alluring snow-capped mountains of the Himalayas. Further, it offers close interaction with the different ethnic groups who live in hill villages spread along the trek route. Besides that, unlike various other regions, this valley is a shelter for many highly endangered animals.  Snow leopards and red pandas are found in this region. Asian black bear, dhole, Himalayan musk deer, lynx, Himalayan tahr, mainland serow, grey wolf, Himalayan goral, woolly hare, black-lipped pika, horseshoe bat, and blue sheep are the other mammals found in this region. Besides that, 110 species of birds, 11 butterflies, and 3 reptiles are recorded to found homes in this region. Then again, the presence of 19 kinds of forests and other classes of dominant vegetation have been recorded in the area of Manaslu.


The summit of the Manaslu offers the most enchanting views of the highest mountains in the world. The sight from the top is wavering with the close range of nearby mountains, broad landscapes, and glaciers. Climbing the world's eighth highest mountain, Manaslu has to be one of the preferred climbing options for climbers all around the world. Also, a complete Manaslu Expedition takes around 7 weeks.


Nanga Parbat

A tremendous, dramatic peak standing far above its surrounding terrain, Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest mountain in the world with 8,126 m/26,660 ft elevation above sea level. This mountain is located in the Diamer District of Gilgit-Baltistan region, Pakistan. Moreover, Nanga Parbat is the western anchor of the Himalayas. Nanga Parbat rests just south of the Indus River in the Pakistan-administered region of Kashmir. The Indus River runs more than seven kilometers below the high end of the massif. Also, the western end of the Karakoram range is not so far from the north of the mountain. 


Nanga Parbat is locally known as Diamer or Deo Mir. It means 'huge mountain.' Besides that, the name of the mountain is derived from the Sanskrit words nagna and parvata. These words together mean the 'Naked Mountain'. Nanga Parbat is one of only two mountains on the earth that stand in the top twenty of both the highest mountain and the most prominent peaks in the world.  Nanga Parbat ranks fourteenth on the most prominent peaks in the world. Also, after Mt. Everest, Nanga Parbat is the second most prominent peak of the Himalayas. Zoji La in Kashmir is the key col for Nanga Parbat. It connects it to higher peaks in the remaining Himalayas- Karakoram range. Nanga Parbat has large vertical relief above local terrain in all directions.


Nanga Parbat is known to be a challenging and difficult climb. After its discovery by Europeans attempt to summit Nanga Parbat began very soon. The first attempt to summit Nanga Parbat was in 1895 by an expedition led by Albert F. Mummery. Mummery and two Gorkha companions reached almost 6,100m/20,00ft on the Diamer (west) but later died reconnoitering the Ralhoit Face. Then, Nanga Parbat became the focus of German interest in the Himalayas in the 1930s. The first German expedition in 1932 to Nanga Parbat was led by Willy Merkl. But, it was an unsuccessful attempt.


On July 3, 1953, Nanga Parbat was first climbed by Austrian climber Hermann Buhl via the Rakhiot Flank (East Ridge). He was a member of a German-Austrian team led by Peter Aschenbrenner from Kufstein. Aschenbrenner had participated in the 1932 and 1934 attempts of the summit. Besides that, the expedition was organized by the half-brother of Willy Merkl and Karl Herrligkoffer from Munich. The ascent was made without oxygen. Besides that, Buhl is the only man to have made the first ascent of an 8,000m peak solo. After that, the Diamir Face route has become the standard route.  The French climber Lilliane Barnard became the first woman to ascend Nanga Parbat, along with her husband Maurice Barnard in 1984. Further, on February 26, 2016, Nanga Parbat was first successfully climbed in winter by a team consisting of Ali Sadpara, Alex Txikon, and Simone Moro.    


Annapurna

The highest peak of the Annapurna massif, Annapurna Main is the tenth highest mountain in the world. Annapurna stands at 8,091m/26,545 ft above sea level. Annapurna is primarily a mountain range in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal. Annapurna massif is about 55 km (34mi) long, and Kali Gandaki Gorge bounded it on the west, the Marshyangdi River on the north and east, and the south is Pokhara valley. Annapurna Main is the only peak over 8,000 m in the Annapurna mountain range.


Annapurna mountain name is after Annapurna, the Hindu goddess of food and nourishment. It is said that the goddess Annapurna resides there. Further, Annapurna is the name derived from the Sanskrit-language words 'Anna' meaning 'food' and 'purna' meaning 'filled'. And it can be translated as everlasting food. Also, many streams dropping from the slopes of the Annapurna range provides water for the agricultural areas and plains located at lower elevations.


Annapurna is the first 8,000 m peak to be ascended. On 3 June 1950, Maurice Herzog and Louis Lanchenal of the French Annapurna expedition reached the Annapurna summit. This expedition was led by Herzog, including Lionel Terray, Gaston Rébuffat, Marcel Ichac, Jean Couzy, Marcel Schatz, Jacques Oudot, and Francis de Noyelle. Then, Ichac made a documentary on the expedition. It was called Victoire sur l'Annapurna. Besides that, the Annapurna summit was the highest summit attained for three years until the first successful ascent to Mt. Everest. Moreover, the American Women's Himalayan Expedition in 1978 became the first United States team to climb Annapurna I. The team was led by Arlene Blum. A new route on Annapurna I Central (8051m) was set by the Polish expedition Zakopane Alpine Club in 1981.

Also, the route announced Zakopiańczyków Way was recognized as the best achievement of the Himalayan season in 1981. Additionally, Polish climbers Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer made the first winter ascent of Annapurna I on 3 February 1987. In October 2007, Slovenian climber- Tomaz Humar made the first solo ascent of the south face. Swiss climber Ueli Steck soloed the Lafaille route on 8 and 9 October 2013 on the main and highest part of the face. it was his third attempt on the route. Moreover, this climb has been called 'one of the most impressive Himalayan climbs in history. 


Annapurna climbing is one of the most dangerous peaks to climb with high risks of avalanches. All the routes possess determined difficulties for climbers to defeat with huge ice cliffs and seracs. So, a good physical condition with previous experience of peak climbing is highly recommended for those thinking to achieve the summit of Annapurna. Annapurna Expedition takes around 45-55 days to complete. Annapurna Base camp is at the bottom of the climb. The climb from base one to Camp II is a very technical section of the route. The climbing is slightly less steep but it is still difficult with high objective avalanche danger.  Besides that, the summit of Annapurna is on an exposed ridge and does not need fixed ropes. It is done as free climbing.


Annapurna expedition grants you majestic views and a high mountain within Annapurna Sanctuary. After achieving the summit we descend following the same route back to base camp. With a lifetime mountaineering experience, climbers also get an opportunity to explore the cultural and traditional villages, including the region's flora and fauna. It is one of the most enchanting spots on Earth. There are several peaks within Annapurna Mountain Ranges Annapurna II, Annapurna IV, Annapurna South, Dhaulagiri, Gangapurna, Himalchuli, Machhapuchhre (Fishtail), Lamjung Himal, Hiunchuli.


Gasherbrum I

Gasherbrum 1st 8068 is the 11th highest mountain in the world, standing at an elevation of 8,080 m/26,510 ft above sea level. It is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. Moreover, Gasherbrum I is part of Gasherbrum massif, placed in the Karakoram Range of the Himalaya. Gasherbrum is a remote group of high peaks in the Karakoram. Gasherbrum is one of the four 8,000m peaks situated in a tight cluster on the upper reaches of the Baltoro glacier. This mountain lies about a thousand miles west of Nepal's Himalaya mountain range.  

Gasherbrum is also known as Hidden Peak. Besides that, Gasherbrum is often called for to mean 'Shining Wall' probably a reference to the highly visible face of the nearby peak Gasherbrum IV. But, it comes from 'rgasha'-beautiful and 'brum'-mountain in Balti. So, the word Gasherbrum means 'beautiful mountain'. Further, Gasherbrum I was designated K5 by T.G Montgomerie in 1865 when he first spotted the peaks of the Karakoram. K5 means the 5th peak of the Karakoram. After that, William Martin Conway provided the alternative name, Hidden Peak in 1892. He gave this name in the reference to its extreme remoteness. 


Gasherbrum It is considered one of the least popular of the 8,000m peaks. Gasherbrum I was first climbed on July 5, 1958, by Pete Schoening and Andy Kauffman of an eight-man American expedition. This expedition was led by Nicholas B. Clinch, Tom Nevison, Tom McCormack, Richard K. Irvin, Bob Swift, and Gil Roberts were also members of the team. Besides that, - Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler reached the summit on a new route (northwest route) in pure alpine style taking three days total. It was the first time on an 8,000m peak). The solo ascent on the summit was by Benoit Chamoux, an Italian Giampiero Di Federico, on July 14, 1985. It opened a new route on the northwest face. Further, on 9th March 2012, the first winter ascent was made by Adam Bielecki and Janusz Gołąb (both from Poland). 


Additionally, Gasherbrum is one of the peaks with the least deaths. It is probably because only really experienced mountaineers try a peak as difficult as Gasherbrum I. Also, Gasherbrum still has less than 200 ascents and is in the tenth spot on the ascent list for 8,000 m peaks. Besides that, the most common way to climb the peak is from the western side. All the routes from the western side lead to "the Japanese Couloirs". It is located on top of the northwest face. 


Broad Peak

Located on the border of Pakistan and China, Broad Peak is the 12th highest mountain in the world with 8,047 m/26,401ft elevation above sea level. Broad Peak is a mountain in the Karakoram mountain range. Further, Broad Peak is a part of the Gasherbrum massif. It is around 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) away from K2 (the second-highest mountain in the world). This peak is one of the objectively safest eight-thousanders.

The literal translation of Broad Peak is Falchan Kangri. But, it is not used among the Balti people. Further, this English name was introduced in 1892. The British explorer Martin Conway named the mountain about the similarly named Breithorn in the Alps. Moreover, Broad Peak has a summit over 1.5 kilometers (0.39 mi) long, so it is also the reason behind its name. Besides that, the mountain has five summits. They are Broad Peak (8051 m), Rocky Summit (8028 m), Broad Peak Central (8011 m), Broad Peak North (7490 m), and Kharut Kangri (6942 m).

Moreover, the first ascent of Broad Peak was made between June 8 and 9, 1975. It was an Austrian expedition led by Marcus Schmuck with the Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl team members. Also, on 29 May, the team made the first attempt and Fritz Wintersteller and Kurt Diemberger reached the forepeak (8,030m). It was succeeded without the help of supplemental oxygen, high-altitude porters, or base camp support. Besides that, an Austrian mountaineering team climbed Broad Peak and retrieved the corpse of Markus Kronthaler from above 8,000m. He died on the mountain one year before. After that, Frenchwoman Élisabeth Revol made a solo ascent of Broad Peak, Gasherbrum I, and Gasherbrum II within 16 days in July 2007. She completed the expedition without the help of oxygen as her climbing partner Antoine Girard had fallen sick. The winter ascent was made by Maciej Berbeka, Adam Bielecki, Tomasz Kowalski, and Artur Małek on 5 March 2013.

Broad The peak was the twelfth Eight-thousanders summited in the wintertime. And, it was also, the Eight-thousanders were first summited in winter by Polish climbers. Further, Frenchman Antoine Girard's paraglide flies over Broad Peak on 23 July, 2016. It was the time a paraglide had flown above an 8,000-metre summit.

Additionally, the route to the summit of Broad Peak is direct and relatively short. Also, the few difficult passages are secured with fixed ropes. There are three camps set up above base camp. The final camp is around 6,950m from the base of the summit pyramid. One of the safer 8,000m peaks, the Broad Peak expedition lets climbers enjoy the rich local cultures and astounding scenery. Besides that, it is alpine-style climbing. Also, the route from Broad Peak Base Camp to K2 Base Camp is only around one and a half hours away. 

Broad Peak Expedition takes around 40 to 45 days to complete. Though Broad Peak climbing is considered relatively easy climbing, climbers need to have prior peak climbing experience. Weather and climate are more unpredictable at high altitudes. You have to be very careful while ascending and especially descending. Besides that, you need to be mentally and physically fit for Broad Peak climbing.


Gasherbrum II

Beautiful and alluring, Gasherbrum II is the 13th highest mountain in the world. Towering at an elevation of 8,034 m/26,358ft above sea level, Gasherbrum II is located on the border between Pakistan and China. Gasherbrum II is the third highest peak of the Gasherbrum massif. Gasherbrum II is part of the Karakoram mountain range in the Himalayas. Further, located at the top of the Baltoro Glacier, it is between Gilgit-Baltistan and Xinjiang.      

Gasherbrum II was surveyed as K4. Thomas George Montgomerie, a member of the British Royal Engineers and part of the Great Trigonometric Survey sighted the mountain and named it K4 in 1856. The K4 means the fourth mountain of Karakoram. Further, the name 'Gasherbrum' comes from the Balti words rgasha- beautiful and brum- Mountain. Besides that, Gasherbrum III is sometimes considered to be a sub-peak of Gasherbrum II. It is because the former has a topographic prominence of only 461m/1,152ft.

In 1909, the Gasherbrum Group Mountains were explored by the Duke of the Abruzzi and Vittorio Sella. Also, a tributary of the Baltoro Glacier, the Abruzzi Glacier is named after the Duke of Abruzzi. Then, on 7th July 1956, Austrians Fritz Moravec Josef Larch and Hans Willenpart first ascended that Gasherbrum II summit. It was the ascent through Southwest Ridge. While the summit they had to descend after they set up Camp I. When they returned, all the supplies and food were buried by an avalanche. But, they chose to make a quick summit attempt. And they left Camp III on July 6 after opening up the route. They reached the top of the mountain the next day after spending the night in a bivouac sack. After that, four expeditions successfully climbed Gasherbrum II in 1975. It was a Polish group under Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Jean-Pierre Fresafond's French expedition, and another Polish expedition led by Wanda Rutkiewicz. A Slovene expedition successfully ascended Gasherbrum II in only 32 hours from the base to the peak in August 1986. They had only 22 hours of climbing and 10 hours of rest at the altitude of 5900 m. It was by far the quickest ascent until then. Then again, Anatoli Boukreev completed a solo speed ascent in 1997. He took 9 hours 30 min time from camp ABC (5,800m) to the summit. Before and after these ascents there are several other successful summits to the Gasherbrum II.

Gasherbrum II is one of the safest and easiest peaks to climb in the Karakoram 8,000m peaks. The route to the Gasherbrum II summit is straightforward in a superb location. So, the Gasherbrum II 8035 climbing is good for new climbing longing to attempt an 8,000m peak. Yet, you need to have a previous peak climbing experience for Gasherbrum II 8035 expedition.   


Shisha Pangma

A breathtaking mountain located in south-central Tibet, Shishapagngma is the 14th highest mountain in the world. Shishapagngma stands at an elevation of 8,027m (26,335 ft) above sea level. Also, Shishapagngma is the highest peak in the Jugal Himal which is contiguous and often considered part of Langtang Himal.  It is 5 kilometers from the border with Nepal. Besides that, Shishapagngma is the only eight-thousander solely within Chinese territory.

Shishapangma is also called Gosainthan. It is the Sanskrit name of the mountain. Gosainthan means   'place of the saint' or 'Abode of God.' Talking about the Shishapangma, a geologist Toni Hagen described the name as meaning a 'grassy plain' or 'meadow' (pangma) over a 'comb' or a 'range' (shisha) in the local Tibetan dialect. So, the name signifies the 'crest above the grassy plains.' Besides that, Guntram Hazod, a Tibetologist, records a local story that explains the mountain name in terms of its literal meaning in the Standard Tibetan language. According to his record, shisha means the meat of an animal that died of natural causes, and sbangma means malt dregs left over from brewing beer. So, the name of the mountain Shishapangma (shisha sbangma) signifies 'meat of dead animals and malty dregs.'

Shishapangma has a subsidiary peak higher than 8,000 m. The Shishapangma Central-Peak is at 8,008 m (26,273 ft). That is why some of Shishapangma's ascents are not well verified or still in dispute. Some climbers claim to have touched the summit while they reached the slightly lower central (west) summit at 8,013 m (26,289 ft). The fact is that the true summit of 8,027 m (26,335 ft) is still almost two hours climbing from the 14m-higher (46 ft). There is three most common ascent via the Northern Route ascends via the northwest face and northeast ridge and face. These routes have comparatively easy access, with vehicle travel possible to base camp at 5,000 m (16,400 ft). Besides that, the routes on the steeper southwest face are more technically demanding and include 2,200 m/7,220 ft of climbing on a 50-degree slope. 

On 2nd May 1964, Shishapangma was first climbed through the Northern Route. It was a Chinese expedition led by Xu Jing. Further, the summit team consisted of Wang Fuzhou, Zhāng Jùnyán, Wū Zōngyuè, Chén Sān, Soinam Dorjê, Chéng Tiānliàng, Migmar Zhaxi, Dorjê, and Yún Dēng. Besides that, Junko Tabei, Rinzing Phinzo, and Gyalbu Jiabu were the 4th ascenders of Shishapangma as a part of a Japanese women's expedition via Northern Route. Then, Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer (both Poland) ascend Shishapangma through the west ridge. It was a new route along the ridge west, they continue by the middle summit on the main summit. Also, Kukuczka skied down from near the top. Anatoli Bouikreev completed a solo ascent on 9th October 1996.

Shishapangma was the last 8,000 m peak to be climbed. It is due to its location entirely within Tibet. And restrictions on visits by foreign travelers to the region imposed by authorities of the Government of China and the Tibet autonomous region made it the last. The beauty of Shisha Pagmna's climb is the short approach to Base Camp. Besides that, it has the mild nature of the ascent to the summit. Shisha Pangma is one of the most satisfying climbs over the 8,000 m mountains.