Tsum Valley Trek

2023-02-03 | Published By: Bold Himalaya

The remote Tsum Valley, situated in the country's north and regarded as a sacred Himalayan pilgrimage site, is roamed by hikers on the well-known Tsum Valley Trek in Nepal.
The journey offers the chance to discover traditional Tibetan communities and monasteries as well as breathtaking views of the Himalayas, including Mt. Ganesh, Mt. Sringi, and Boudha Himal. It provides a fantastic opportunity for exploration of the outdoors, culture, and culture.

Reasons to do Tsum Valley Trek

Scenic Beauty:

Awe-inspiring views of the Himalayas, including Mt. Ganesh, Mt. Sringi, and Boudha Himal, can be found in the Tsum Valley. The walk offers trekkers a variety of scenery to admire, passing through dense forests, terraced farmland, and high-altitude passes.

Cultural Immersion:

Traditional Tibetan villages may be found in the Tsum Valley, providing hikers with a chance to get to know the people and their way of life.

Remote & Off the Beaten Path:

The Tsum Valley is a great choice for anyone searching for a more off-the-beaten-path and adventurous trekking experience because it is less well-known and frequently visited.

Old Monasteries and Gompas:

Several historic monasteries and Gompas, notably Rachen Gompa and Mu Gompa, can be found in the Tsum Valley. These monasteries provide a window into the spiritual practices of the locals and are rich in history and culture.

Spiritual Significance:

The Guru Rinpoche, also known as Padmasambhava, is thought to have lived in the Tsum Valley, which is revered as a holy Himalayan pilgrimage site. It is the perfect place for spiritual seekers to go.

Unique flora and fauna:

Rhododendron forests, alpine meadows, and snow leopards are just a few of the unique plants and animals that call the Tsum Valley home. Trekkers will have the chance to view some of the unusual creatures and plants that may be found in this area.

Preparation and Planning for Tsum Valley Trek

Selecting the best time:

The months of September through November and March through May are ideal for undertaking the Tsum Valley trek. The best weather is present during these months, with bright skies, comfortable temperatures, and dry trails. The springtime walk is even more beautiful because of the rhododendron forests, which are in full flower.

Only during these months are permitted for the trek distributed. Share your Trek information with someone If you're going on the Tsum Valley trip, you should tell a friend or family member. This will make it possible for someone to find you in case of an emergency and inform them of your intended return time. Giving trusted people access to your schedule and phone number can also be helpful in case they need to contact you while you are out walking.

Preparing for altitude:

Following a progressive ascending plan, staying hydrated, abstaining from alcohol and tobacco, getting adequate sleep, paying attention to your body's symptoms, and finding an experienced guide are all part of preparing for altitude on the Tsum Valley hike. Before embarking on the walk, it's crucial to visit the doctor for a checkup, especially if you have any current medical issues. The most important thing is to take the proper precautions to prevent altitude sickness, which can affect anyone.

Booking trips with the best travel company:

Several companies operate the Tsum Valley trek one of them Bold Himalaya is the Best and most reputed company we offer excellent service and the perfect guide with a custom trekking package as you think if you are planning to do the Narphu Valley trek in Nepal.

Our expert guides have years of experience leading treks in this area and will ensure that you have a safe, well-organized, and enjoyable experience. With our tour operator company, you can be sure that you're getting the best possible experience for your money.

Checking out the packing list:

Having the appropriate equipment is crucial when organizing a Tsum Valley Trek to guarantee a comfortable and secure excursion. For transporting all of your necessities, you'll need a backpack with a 50-70 liter capacity. A sleeping bag rated for -10 degrees Celsius, a sleeping pad, and thermal layers like a fleece, down jacket, and insulated pants is essential pieces of sleeping equipment.

You'll stay toasty on frigid nights thanks to these. The walk requires the proper footwear, including waterproof hiking boots and trekking poles for tackling challenging terrain. Pack a waterproof jacket and pair of pants in addition to warm gear to stay protected from the weather.

To shield oneself from the sun's rays at high elevations, wear a sun hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen. Additional necessities are a first aid pack, water containers or a hydration system, and a torch or flashlight. Along with maps and a compass, other essentials like a toothbrush, toothpaste, and wet wipes should be brought.

Don't forget to pack cash or a credit card, your passport and the appropriate paperwork (if entering Tibet), and travel insurance to cover any unforeseen circumstances. Make sure to check the weather forecast before leaving, prepare appropriately, and confirm that you have all the required permissions for the hike.

Permits for Tsum Valley Trek:

Tsum Valley trek requires TIMS (Trekkers' Information Management System) Card and a Tsum Valley permit. The TIMS card is mandatory for all trekkers in Nepal and the Tsum Valley permit is issued by the local government office. It is recommended to check with your trekking agency or the local government office for updated information on the necessary permits before the trek.

Itinerary of the best route for the Tsum Valley Trek

The best route for the Tsum Valley Trek typically includes the following itinerary:

Day 1: Drive from Kathmandu to Soti Khola  (710m) 

Day 2: Trek from Soti Khola to Machha Khola  (900m)

Day 3: Trek from Machha Khola to Jagat (1340m) 

Day 4: Trek from Jagat to Lokpa on (2240m)

Day 5: Trek from Lokpa to Chumling on day five (2386m)

Day 6: Trek from Chumling to Chhokangparo (3010m)

Day 7: Trek to the Nile from Chokangparo (3361m)

Day 8: A day of rest by the

Day 9: Nile Trek from the Nile to Mu Gompa (3700m)

Day 10: Trek from Mu Gompa to Rachen Gompa (3240m)

Day 11: Trek from Chumje to Rachen Gompa (3360m)

Day 12: Trek from Chumje to Soti Khola. (710m)

Day 13: Drive from Soti Khola to Kathmandu

Please Note: This schedule can be changed to meet your requirements and tastes, and you are free to add extra rest days or side trips as you see fit. It is crucial to remember that the schedule could alter as a result of the weather, the state of the path, and other circumstances.

Weather details for Tsum Valley Trek

The Tsum Valley Trek is located in the Himalayas of Nepal and the weather can vary depending on the time of year and altitude.

Spring (March-May):

The weather during spring is generally mild, with clear skies and warm temperatures. The rhododendron forests will be in full bloom during this time.
It's important to bring warm clothing and rain gear as occasional spring showers may occur.

Summer (June-August):

The summer months are the monsoon season in Nepal. The trails may be muddy and the views may be obscured by clouds, but the trek can still be done. It's important to bring waterproof gear and to be prepared for wet conditions.

Fall (September-November):

The fall months are considered the best time to trek in Nepal, as the monsoon season has ended and the weather is clear and dry. The temperatures will be mild, and the skies will be clear, providing excellent views of the mountains. It's important to bring warm clothing.

Winter (December-February):

The winter months are the coldest time of year in the Himalayas. Snowfall may also occur, making the trails more difficult to navigate. It's important to bring warm clothing, insulated boots, and a good-quality sleeping bag as the temperatures may drop below freezing at night.

Difficulty level of Tsum Valley Trek

The Tsum Valley Trek is considered to be a moderate to challenging trek. The trail can be steep, strenuous, and rocky in some sections, and the altitude can make it more challenging.

It is important to have a good level of physical fitness, be comfortable with steep and rugged terrain, and be aware of the potential effects of altitude sickness. The trek takes around 10-12 days and includes crossing suspension bridges and steep stone steps.

Available Facilities on Tsum Valley Trek


During the Tsum Valley trek, food is generally provided by local tea houses along the trail. These tea houses serve a variety of traditional Nepalese and Tibetan dishes such as dal Bhat (lentil soup with rice), momos (dumplings), and chow mein (stir-fried noodles).


Accommodations during the Tsum Valley trek are provided by local tea houses. These tea houses typically have basic but comfortable rooms with twin beds and a shared bathroom.


Electricity is limited and not guaranteed during the Tsum Valley trek, as most of the tea houses rely on solar power. You may be able to charge electronic devices in some tea houses, but it's best to bring a power bank or extra batteries as a backup.


Internet connectivity is limited and not guaranteed during the Tsum Valley trek, as the trekking route is remote and the mountainous terrain can make it difficult to access the internet. Some tea houses may have wifi, but it's best to not rely on it and plan accordingly.

Hot Shower:

Some tea houses may have hot showers, but it's best to not rely on them and plan accordingly. It's important to note that even if hot showers are available, they may come at an extra cost.


Laundry facilities may be available in some tea houses, but they are not guaranteed. It's best to plan accordingly and bring enough clothing for the duration of the trek.

Drinking water:

It's important to stay hydrated during the Tsum Valley trek, and potable water can be purchased at local tea houses.

Banks & ATMs:

Banks and ATMs are not available along the Tsum Valley trek. It's recommended to bring enough cash in Nepalese Rupees to cover expenses during the trek.

Our Recommendation for Tsum Valley Trek

Start Trek from a lower elevation:

Acclimatization must begin a journey at a lower height and progressively climb. The decreased oxygen levels seen at higher altitudes take some time for the human body to get used to.

Altitude sickness, which can include symptoms as basic as headache and nausea to more severe ones like confusion, breathing difficulties, and in rare instances, even death, can occur if a person ascends too quickly. The danger of altitude sickness is decreased by starting at a lower level since the body has time to adapt to the changes in altitude. Furthermore, beginning at lower elevations enables a steady increase in physical exertion, making the climb easier to manage.

Buy Insurance: 

It is highly recommended to purchase travel insurance before embarking on the Tsum Valley Trek or any other trek in Nepal. The trek takes place in a remote area, and emergency medical care and evacuation can be difficult and expensive. Travel insurance can provide coverage for emergency medical expenses, evacuation, trip cancellation, lost or stolen gear, and other unforeseen events.

It's important to make sure the policy you are purchasing covers activities such as trekking and adventure sports, as some policies may not cover such activities or may have certain exclusions. Additionally, it is important to review the fine print of the policy and make sure you understand the coverage limits, exclusions, and procedures for making a claim. Be sure to keep a copy of the insurance policy and contact information with you at all times during your trek.

Follow Local Rules and Regulations: 

It is important to follow local rules and regulations while trekking in the Tsum Valley or any other area, as they have been put in place to protect the environment, local culture, and the safety of both trekkers and the local community.

Additionally, it helps to ensure the safety of trekkers, preserve the natural beauty of the area for future generations, and respect the rights of the local community. It also helps to avoid conflicts and maintain a positive relationship between trekkers and local people.

The weight limit for Porter: 

It is generally recommended that the weight carried by a porter should not exceed 25 kg, including the porter's gear. it is important to remember that a porter's safety and well-being should be a top priority, and it is not ethical to overload them with excessive weight.

Extra days for the trip: 

You may need to set aside a few extra days if you intend to hike and explore this area to allow for unexpected delays or unanticipated occurrences. It is usually preferable to plan for extra time in case of unforeseen problems.

It's crucial to keep in mind that the length of the walk can vary depending on a variety of elements, including the weather, physical condition, and group dynamics. If you are unsure of the length of your journey, I suggest asking our trekking agency for clarification.

Expandable (Side) trekking routes

There are several trekking routes that connect with the Tsum Valley Trek in Nepal. Some popular options include Manaslu Circuit Trek - This trek starts and ends in Arughat, the same starting point as the Tsum Valley Trek, and takes you through the remote Manaslu region before joining the Tsum Valley Trek.

Major places of the Tsum Valley Trek


This is the starting point of the Tsum Valley Trek, located in the Gorkha district of Nepal.

Soti Khola:

This is the second stop on the trek, located on the banks of the Budhi Gandaki River.

Machha Khola:

This is a small village located on the banks of the Budhi Gandaki River, and it is the third stop on the trek.


This is a small village located on the banks of the Budhi Gandaki River, and it is the fourth stop on the trek.


This is a small village located on the banks of the Budhi Gandaki River, and it is the fifth stop on the trek.


This is the main village in the Tsum Valley, and it is the sixth stop on the trek.

Chhokang Paro:

This is a small village located in the Tsum Valley, and it is the seventh stop on the trek.


This is a small village located in the Tsum Valley, and it is the eighth stop on the trek.

Mu Gompa: 

This is the largest monastery in the Tsum Valley, and it is the ninth stop on the trek.

Rachen Gompa:

This is a small monastery located in the Tsum Valley, and it is the tenth stop on the trek.

Activities to do while on this trek

The Tsum Valley Trek offers a variety of activities for trekkers to enjoy while on the trail. Some of the main activities that you can expect to do while on the trek include:


The main activity on the Tsum Valley Trek is trekking, which takes you through remote valleys, traditional villages, and stunning mountain landscapes.

Exploring traditional Tibetan villages:

The Tsum Valley is a traditionally Tibetan area, and trekkers can expect to explore and learn about the unique culture and way of life of the local people.

Visiting monasteries and gompas:

The Tsum Valley is home to several ancient monasteries and gompas, which are an important part of the local culture and history.


The stunning mountain landscapes and traditional Tibetan villages make the Tsum Valley Trek an ideal destination for photography enthusiasts.

Meditation and yoga:

The remote and peaceful surroundings of the Tsum Valley Trek make it an ideal destination for those looking to meditate and practice yoga.


The trek offers an opportunity to see beautiful landscapes, diverse flora and fauna, snow-capped mountains, and beautiful views of the Himalayas.

Socializing with locals:

The trek offers an opportunity to interact with local people and learn about their culture, and way of living.